Pico Atomic Cleaning Inc. 805 Cottage Hill Way, Brandon, Fl 33511 USA 336-306-0193 donwilshe@biobased.us

Test 1 Oil Soil Remediation: Pico-Clean removed TRPH (o-Terpheny C18H14 & n-Triacontane C30H62) 99.997%, except for 38Mg/Kg / 9680Mg/Kg = only .00392562%. in Pass 1 at Site! Tested At PhosLab Environmental Laboratories, Phone: (863) 588-7384

Test 2 Oil and Starch Remediation compared to d-Limonene follows: University of Mass USA / Biobased USA Pico Clean Toxic Use Reduction Institute (TURI) Surface Solutions Laboratory Oil Starch Evaluation Summary last 5 pages!

Test 3 Chlorine and Bleach Equal Lab report tested our product Pico Clean against Chlorine and Bleach and it cleaned Equally, You can drink our product but I wont recommend drink Clorox.

Test 4 Biobased USA Southern California Air Quality Lab Report No GWC Global Warming, No ODC No Ozone Depleting, No VOHAP, and just VOC 20 g/l

Test 5 Biobased USA SGS Results Harmless to Skin and No Negative Reaction

Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons Testing

Total Recoverable Petroleum Hydrocarbons (TRPH) or simply stated- total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH)- are hydrocarbons that exist in crude oil, which is used to make petroleum products. TPH is a family containing hundreds of chemical compounds that were originally derived from crude oil so it is often referred to as hydrocarbon oil, mineral oil, and grease. What are hydrocarbons? In short, they are molecules that include hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbon examples in everyday life include paraffin and isopropyl alcohol. Once formed, hydrocarbons combine easily with other atoms to create organic compounds. TPH are mixtures of chemicals that are mainly made from hydrocarbons. Examples of chemicals found in TRPH include:
  • Hexane
  • Benzene
  • Toluene
  • Xylene
  • Naphthalene
  • Flourene
  • Components of gasoline, mineral oils, and other petroleum products
It would be impractical to measure the full scope of TPHs present at a given site, but obtaining a composite amount of TPH found in a sample can help identify the extent of contamination. These hundreds of components can be divided into groups, known as petroleum hydrocarbon fractions , based on how they act in soil and water. These petroleum hydrocarbon fractions allow scientists at Phoslab Environmental Laboratories to measure the concentrations of TPH.

TRHP contamination

TRPH is released into the environment through accident-prone leakages from industries and as byproducts from commercial or private uses. Total petroleum hydrocarbons in water typically show up in the form of a thin surface film, while heavier fractions might appear as sediment at the bottom of the waterbed. Total petroleum hydrocarbons in soil may become absorbed by groundwater. Everyone is exposed to some amount of TPH; components are airborne. Prolonged exposure, however, is dangerous and poses a threat of TRHP contamination. Certain occupations such as those involved in extracting and refining crude oil face a more significant risk through inhalation of airborne contaminants and skin contact. Underground contamination such as from a leaking storage tank can expose others through drinking water and contact with ground soil. To minimize contamination, Phoslab Environmental uses state-of-the-art technology to test a wide variety of samples to accurately measure the TPH concentration in air, water, or soil.

TPH Health Effects

While most people inhale and exhale petroleum hydrocarbons on a daily basis, prolonged exposure can lead to any number of health complications. Reported TPH health effects include:
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Irritation of skin and eyes
  • Permanent damage to liver, kidneys and lungs
  • Complications in pregnancy
The full scope of the health effects surrounding exposure to TPH is not fully understood. Health risks vary depending on the length of the exposure and the toxicity of individual TPH compounds. In some cases, exposure can be deadly. At Phoslab, we do our part to minimize the health effects of exposure to Total Petroleum Hydrocarbons. To that end, we offer comprehensive testing services. Learn more about our various testing methods below. TPH regulation Given the impact of total recoverable hydrocarbons on the environment, they fall under a handful of federal regulations including:
  • Clean Water Act
  • National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, Resource Conservation Recovery Act
  • Comprehensive Environmental, Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
To ensure consistency, both the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) have developed guidelines or standards for detecting and handling TPH. In addition, Florida laws set acceptable concentrations of TPH in soil and water and establish acceptable methods of measuring the TPH content. It goes without saying that a company cannot stay compliant on its own; measuring TPH levels and ensuring compliance with regulations is a specialty that should be placed in the hands of an expert like Phoslab Environmental. At Phoslab Environmental, we offer a full range of environmental testing services . With our diverse selection of TPH methods, we meet the individual needs of our clients. Feel free to give us a call at (888) 997-3020 or contact us online to learn more about our TRPH testing and analysis services.

Additional TPH Testing Resources:

  1. About Us, http://phoslab.com/about-us/
  2. Client Resources, http://phoslab.com/client-resources/
  3. State of Florida, Florida Residual Petroleum Organic Method (FL-PRO) Petroleum Cleanup Guidance Document #7,
    http://www.dep.state.fl.us/waste/quick_topics/publications/pss/pcp/site/guidance7.pdf


















    UNIV MASS TURI SURFACE SOLUTIONS LABORATORY OIL STARCH EVALUATION SUMMARY TEST 2-1

    SCL #: 2004-12-234-0-2
    Date Run: 12/1/2004
    Experimenters: Marshall
    Client Type: 43
    Project Number: 1
    Substrates: Stainless Steel
    Part Type: 2
    Contaminants: Oil
    Cleaning Methods: Immersion/Soak
    Analytical Methods Gravimetric;
    Purpose: To evaluate alternative cleaning products for removing cotton seed oil/starch mix.
    Experimental Procedure Six products were selected from the laboratory's database of test results and vendor supplied information based on client specific needs. Each product was diluted with DI water to vendor suggested concentration. The products were then heated to 130 F on a hot plate.

    Eighteen preweighed stainless steel coupons were coated with the supplied cotton seed oil/starch mix and allowed to sit
    for 24 hours. Coupons were then weighed a second time to determine the amount of soil that was added. Three coupons
    were cleaned in each product for five minutes using stir bar agitation. Cleaning was followed by a 15 second rinse in a
    tap water bath at 120 F and air blow off for 30 seconds at room temperature. Once dry, coupons were weighed a third
    time and efficiencies were calculated for each product tested.

    Chemistries Evaluated: H2Orange2, SC Oven, VPW SC, Pico Cleaner, Super H2O2

    Results: Five of the six products consistently removed over 90% of the cotton seed oil/starch mix. Biobased USA's Pico Cleaner-, Commercial cleaner removed over 98% of the oil in the five minutes of cleaning at 130 F. The table below, lists the amount of soil added, the amount remaining and the percent removed for each coupon cleaned.

    Cleaner--------Init-wt------Final-wt---% Removed
    H2Orange2----0.0452-----0.0253-------44.03
    ------------------0.3792-----0.0369-------90.27
    ------------------0.4445-----0.0505-------88.64
    SC Oven-------0.3745-----0.0151-------95.97
    ------------------0.3088-----0.0155-------94.98
    ------------------0.0789-----0.0077-------90.24
    VPW SC-------0.4447-----0.0103-------97.68
    ------------------0.4194-----0.0220-------94.75
    ------------------0.0470-----0.0007-------98.51
    Pico Cleaner---0.0468-----0.0015-------96.79
    ------------------0.4464-----0.0063-------98.59
    ------------------0.3393-----0.0039-------98.85
    Super H2O2---0.4204-----0.0093-------97.79
    ------------------0.3474-----0.0149-------95.71
    ------------------0.5575-----0.0276-------95.05

    Summary Substrates:Stainless Steel
    Contaminants: Oil

    Company-------------Product---------Efficiency----Effective

    EnvirOx LLC---------H2Orange2-----74.31----------No
    Gemtek Products-----SC Oven--------93.73----------Yes
    Orison Marketing----VPW SC--------96.98----------Yes
    Biobased USA--------Pico Cleaner---98.07----------Yes--#1
    Cleanline--------------Super H2O2----96.18----------Yes

    Conclusion: The five effective cleaners will be tested on the coupons that have been contaminated at the client's site in their processing equipment.


    UNIV MASS TURI SURFACE SOLUTIONS LABORATORY OIL STARCH EVALUATION SUMMARY TEST 5-4

    SCL #: 2004-12-233-5-4
    Date Run: 12/2/2004
    Experimenters: Marshall
    Client Type: General Mfr
    Project Number: 1
    Substrates: Stainless Steel
    Part Type: Coupons
    Contaminants: Oil, Strach
    Cleaning Methods: Immersion/Soak
    Analytical Methods Gravimetric;
    Purpose: To evaluate products at an elevated temperature and longer cleaning time.
    Experimental Procedure The Five products were selected baed on test from the previous trail. Each product was diluted with DI water to vendor suggested concentration. The products were then heated to 130 F on a hot plate.
    The pre-contaminated stainless steel coupons were cleaned three coupons per product for another 10 minutes (15 total) using stir bar agitation. Cleaning was followed by a 15 second rinse in tap water bath at 120F and air blow off for 30 seconds at room temperature. Once dry, coupons were weighed a third time and efficiencies were calculated for each product tested.

    Chemistries Evaluated: VPW SC, Pico Cleaner, Super H2O2

    Results: All three products removed over 75% of the oil/starch, mix after 30 minutes of cleaning at 160F One of the products. Biobased USA's Pico Cleaner removed over 95%, the table below lists the amount the soil added, The amount remaining and the percent removed for each coupon.

    Cleaner--------Init-wt------Final-wt---% Removed
    SC Oven-------0.0383-----0.0469-------- -22.45
    ------------------0.0616-----0.0370-------40.13
    ------------------0.1409-----0.0386-------58.41
    VPW SC-------0.0799-----0.0380-------53.94
    ------------------0.1641-----0.0863-------47.41
    ------------------0.0563-----0.0540-------4.09
    Pico Cleaner---0.0477-----0.0099-------79.25
    ------------------0.1354-----0.0292-------78.43
    ------------------0.0785-----0.0079-------89.94
    Super H2O2---0.1265-----0.0243-------80.73
    ------------------0.0841-----0.0236-------71.94
    ------------------0.1771-----0.0921-------48.00

    Summary Substrates:Stainless Steel
    Contaminants: Oil

    Company-------------Product---------Efficiency----Effective

    Gemtek----------------SC Oven--------25.36----------No
    Orison-----------------VPW SC--------35.15----------No
    Biobased USA--------Pico Cleaner---82.54----------Yes--#1
    Cleanline--------------Super H2O2----66.89----------Yes

    Conclusion: All four products will be cleaned for an additoanl 15 minutes (30 minutes total) All other conditions will be kept the same.


    UNIV MASS TURI SURFACE SOLUTIONS LABORATORY OIL STARCH EVALUATION SUMMARY TEST 3-4

    SCL #: 2004-12-233-3-4
    Date Run: 12/2/2004
    Experimenters: Marshall
    Client Type: General Mfr
    Project Number: 1
    Substrates: Stainless Steel
    Part Type: Coupons
    Contaminants: Oil, Strach
    Cleaning Methods: Immersion/Soak
    Analytical Methods Gravimetric;
    Purpose: To evaluate products at a longer cleaning time.
    Experimental Procedure: The Five products were selected based on test from the previous trail. Each product was diluted with DI water to vendor suggested concentration. The products were then heated to 130 F on a hot plate.
    The pre-contaminated stainless steel coupons were cleaned three coupons per product for another 15 minutes (30 total) using stir bar agitation. Cleaning was followed by a 15 second rinse in tap water bath at 120F and air blow off for 30 seconds at room temperature. Once dry, coupons were weighed a third time and efficiencies were calculated for each product tested.

    Chemistries Evaluated: VPW SC, Pico Cleaner, Super H2O2

    Results: All three products removed over 75% of the oil/starch, mix after 30 minutes of cleaning at 160F One of the products. Biobased USA's Pico Cleaner removed over 95%, the table below lists the amount the soil added, The amount remaining and the percent removed for each coupon.

    Cleaner--------Init-wt------Final-wt--% Removed
    SC Oven-------0.0383-----0.0427------ -11.49
    ------------------0.0616-----0.0340-------44.98
    ------------------0.1409-----0.0457-------62.08
    VPW SC-------0.0799-----0.0303-------80.66
    ------------------0.1641-----0.0317-------26.82
    ------------------0.0563-----0.0540-------4.09
    Pico Cleaner---0.0477-----0.0065-------86.37
    ------------------0.1354-----0.0292-------88.63
    ------------------0.0785-----0.0079-------96.05
    Super H2O2---0.1261-----0.0199-------84.22
    ------------------0.0841-----0.0193-------77.05
    ------------------0.1771-----0.0522-------70.53

    Summary Substrates:Stainless Steel
    Contaminants: Oil

    Company-------------Product---------Efficiency----Effective

    Gemtek-----------------SC Oven---------33.36----------No
    Orison------------------VPW SC---------56.53----------No
    Biobased USA--------Pico Cleaner-----90.36----------Yes--#1
    Cleanline--------------Super H2O2------77.27----------Yes

    Conclusion: All four products will be cleaned for an additoanl 15 minutes (30 minutes total) All other conditions will be kept the same. at the client's site in their processing equipment.
    < br>
    UNIV MASS TURI SURFACE SOLUTIONS LABORATORY OIL STARCH EVALUATION SUMMARY TEST 4-4

    SCL #: 2004-12-233-4-4
    Date Run: 12/2/2004
    Experimenters: Marshall
    Client Type: General Mfr
    Project Number: 1
    Substrates: Stainless Steel
    Part Type: Coupons
    Contaminants: Oil, Strach
    Cleaning Methods: Immersion/Soak
    Analytical Methods Gravimetric;
    Purpose: To evaluate products at a higher temperature.
    Experimental Procedure Four products were selected from the previous trail. Each product with DI water to vendor suggested concentration. The products were then heated to 160 F on a hot plate. Twelve of the pre-contaminated stainless steel coupons were cleaned, three coupons per product for 15 minutes using stir bar agitation. Cleaning was followed by a 15 second rinse in tap water bath at 120 F and air blow off for 30 seconds at room temperature. Once dry, Coupons were weighed a third time and efficiencies were calculated for each product tested.

    Chemistries Evaluated: VPW SC, Pico Cleaner, Super H2O2

    Results: Three of the four products were all more effective at the higher temperature for the same cleaning time (15 minutes) Only the Biobased USA's Pico Cleaner had a lower effciency than at 130F. (A difference of 7%). One of the products removed over 85% of the oil/starch mix. The table below lists the amount of soil added, the amount remaining and the percent for each coupon cleaned.

    Cleaner--------Init-wt------Final-wt---% Removed
    VPW SC-------0.1596-----0.0875-------45.16
    ------------------0.0611-----0.0386-------36.62
    ------------------0.1829-----0.0715-------60.91
    Pico Cleaner---0.0945-----0.0130-------86.24
    ------------------0.1665-----0.0138-------91.71
    ------------------0.0547-----0.0091-------83.36
    Super H2O2---0.0716-----0.0226-------68.44
    ------------------0.1511-----0.0257-------82.99
    ------------------0.0794-----0.0191-------75.94

    Summary Substrates:Stainless Steel
    Contaminants: Oil

    Company-------------Product---------Efficiency----Effective

    Orison-----------------VPW SC--------47.64----------Yes
    Biobased USA--------Pico Cleaner---87.11----------Yes--#1
    Cleanline--------------Super H2O2----75.79----------Yes

    Conclusion: All Four products will be cleaned for an additional 15 minutes (30 Minutes Total) All other conditions will be kept the same.


    UNIV MASS TURI SURFACE SOLUTIONS LABORATORY OIL STARCH EVALUATION SUMMARY TEST 2-4

    SCL #: 2004-12-233-5-4
    Date Run: 12/2/2004
    Experimenters: Marshall
    Client Type: General Mfr
    Project Number: 1
    Substrates: Stainless Steel
    Part Type: Coupons
    Contaminants: Oil, Strach
    Cleaning Methods: Immersion/Soak
    Analytical Methods Gravimetric;
    Purpose: To evaluate products at an elevated temperature and longer cleaning time.
    Experimental Procedure The four products from the previous trail with DI water to vendor suggested concentration. The products were then heated to 160 F on a hot plate.
    The pre-contaminated stainless steel coupons were cleaned three coupons per product for another 15 minutes (30 minutes total) using stir bar agitation. Cleaning was followed by a 15 second rinse in tap water bath at 120 F and air blow off for 30 seconds at room temperature. Once dry, coupons were weighed a third time and efficiencies were calculated for each product tested.

    Chemistries Evaluated: VPW SC, Pico Cleaner, Super H2O2

    Results: All three products removed over 75% of the oil/starch, mix after 30 minutes of cleaning at 160F One of the products. Biobased USA's Pico Cleaner removed over 95%, the table below lists the amount the soil added, The amount remaining and the percent removed for each coupon.

    Cleaner--------Init-wt------Final-wt---% Removed
    VPW SC-------0.1596-----0.0380-------76.19
    ------------------0.0611-----0.0226-------63.01
    ------------------0.1829-----0.0216-------88.19
    Pico Cleaner---0.0945-----0.0036-------96.19
    ------------------0.1665-----0.0049-------97.06
    ------------------0.0547-----0.0035-------93.80
    Super H2O2---0.0716-----0.0098-------86.31
    ------------------0.1511-----0.0102-------93.25
    ------------------0.0974-----0.0115-------85.52

    Summary Substrates:Stainless Steel
    Contaminants: Oil

    Company-------------Product---------Efficiency----Effective

    Orison-----------------VPW SC--------75.80----------Yes
    Biobased USA--------Pico Cleaner---95.36----------Yes--#1
    Cleanline--------------Super H2O2----88.36----------Yes

    Conclusion: The five effective cleaners will be tested on the coupons that have been contaminated


    Biobased USA Pico Clean Chlorine / Bleach Equal Test 3

    Biobased USA Southern California Air Quality Test 4 No GWC, No ODC, No VOHAP, Little VOC 20 g/l

    Biobased USA Test 5 SGS Results Harmless to Skin and No Negative Reaction.
    Picotechnology Donald Wilshe, 805 Cottage Hill Way, Brandon, Fl
    33511, donwilshe@biobased.us  336-306-0193
    
    
    
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